The root structure is close to the surface of the plant, less than 4 inches below the ginger blossoms and approximately 1 inch below the soil surface. However, these sterile plants cannot be identified by their blooms and instead have to be identified by other means, such as smell, root structure or leaves. The ginger plant does not need any special attention except regular watering. Keep moist and well fed during growing season for optimal flowering. The ginger plant's leaves have the same flavor as its roots, but much less pungent. Spreading through its root system, some ginger plants have “escaped” their cultivated habitats and now grow wild in the warmer parts of the United States. Spiral ginger, hidden ginger and zingiber are the most common type of ginger. Examine the shape and surface of the leaves. You can plant ginger indoors at any time of year. Although they grow in other areas, ginger is particularly abundant in tropical regions, such as Jamaica, the West Indies and parts of China. Loosen the soil around the ginger plant with a spading fork if you are transplanting it to a new bed or dividing it. The blooms of a ginger plant form a dense, compact spike on a stem measuring up to 3 inches tall. You can find a ginger root dealer online, but just as easily you can head to your local grocery store and buy a ginger root right out of the produce section for growing ginger plants. Ginger produces small flowers on the spike. Mississippi State University: Edible Ginger Only a Few Species. Flower buds are edible. In sub tropical to tropical areas you can grow it almost year round although autumn is usually regarded as best. In the case of gingerroot (Zingiber officinale), however, they found a substitute in the rhizomes of an unrelated plant that they dubbed wild or Indian ginger (Asarum canadense). Also look at the time of day the plant is blooming; ginger blossoms open up mid-morning through early afternoon and close up at night to preserve moisture. Because the most recognizable part of the plant grows below ground, anyone wanting to find ginger in the wild must learn to spot its leaves and flowers. The leaves around the blooms are green, but they have a transparent or translucent edge. How to grow ornamental and edible ginger. Also are all ginger plants the same or might some have toxic leaves? Wild Ginger Plant Description . The ginger plant is famous for its highly scented and tasty roots, which give us the ginger spice. This means they only grow from the bottom of the plant, not the crown or anywhere further up. Once planted, ginger requires about seven months minimum to develop a decent sized rhizome, so it needs a long growing season. The ginger plant is famous for its highly scented and tasty roots, which give us the ginger spice. Ginger blossoms in early to late spring. Now you can plant them in a pot like this one. How to identify and find ginseng plants in the wild. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. About 50 species occur in tropical and subtropical regions (e.g., India, southwestern China). The leaves are usually lance-shaped or oblong, deep green, and glossy. There are various type of ginger plants, categorizes on the basis of the size of rhizome, shapes of leaves and floral arrangement. If you are dividing the plant, cut 1- to 2-inch-long pieces of the rhizomes from the outside of the root system, cutting the pieces so that they have at least one bud on them. It is from these small growth buds that your ginger plant will grow. That’s because the plant’s roots grow horizontally rather than vertically. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a tropical plant hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 12. And if you are a member of the Garden Clinic this could be as easy as emailing a photo of your ginger to the Garden Clinic helpline. But living in a northern climate means there are many heat-loving plants that just don’t work well when they’re planted outside in my garden. Most ginger cultivated for culinary use is sterile and does not produce flowers. Lift the ginger rhizomes out of the soil, leaving any foliage in place. When to plant Ginger. Tips to grow Zingiber officinale, beehive ginger, variegated shell ginger, Australian native gingers and galangal. Learn more here. You can identify different types by seeing the color and unusual shapes of the leaves. Planting Rhizomes. Before you plant your ginger, of course, you will have to decide where to grow it. The ginger plant also produces stems with leaves on it that can grow from 3 to 4 ft. (around 1 meter) tall. Prized for its aromatic roots used in cooking, this plant grows mainly as a cultivated specimen. In large part, the best location will depend on your climate zone, and the conditions where you live. A massive ginger producing long-lasting flower spikes up to 1m tall. I suggest the above mixture for in-ground gardens too. Ginger plants sprout shiny, heart-shaped, basal leaves. Ginger plants are interesting additions to gardens, but they can be fickle about growing conditions. If fingers smell of ginger after digging around in the plant's roots or rubbing the leaves, you are looking at a ginger plant. 5. Ginger plants bloom in early spring and only continue through to late spring, so flowers outside of this time mean the plant is not ginger. The large heart or kidney shaped leaves are hairy, dark green and deeply indented at the stem they grow in opposite pairs to a height of about 8 to 10 inches. A pot that's approximately 12-inches (30-cm) wide and 12-inches (30-cm) deep is usually a good option for ginger. 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