With its brilliant stew of performance styles and piercing new songs, it is truly a triumph of the American Musical Theatre. 0 On April 1, 1935, four years after the Scottsboro boys’ arrest, the Supreme Court decided two cases related to the Scottsboro trials: Norris v. Alabama and Patterson v. Alabama. Where and when did the Scottsboro Boys' original trial take place? 1989 . The Scottsboro boys consisted Haywood Patterson, Charles Weems, Clarence Norris, Andy Wright, Ozzie Powell, Olen Montgomery, Eugene Williams, Willie Roberson, and Roy Wright. As Baltimore Afro-American newspaper correspondent Paul Peters summed it up in 1932: “At first the South looked upon Scottsboro as just another ‘Negro rape’ case … Broadway's The Scottsboro Boys performance of "Commencing In Chattanooga" on the 2011 Tony Awards. PBS gives a general timeline of the Scottsboro Boys trial, including information about publications and documentaries. "Scottsboro Boys" Trials (1931-1937) No crime in American history-- let alone a crime that never occurred-- produced as many trials, convictions, reversals, and retrials as did an alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on the Southern Railroad … The trials lasted from 1931 - 1937. The Scottsboro Boys were a group of nine black teenagers, ranging from ages 13 to 19, who were wrongly convicted of raping two white women on a freight train in 1931. When nine black teenagers falsely accused of raping two women on a freight train were tried in Scottsboro, Alabama,in 1931, white juries found eight of the nine guilty, and they were sentenced to death. Two dozen or so, mainly male--and mainly young--whites and blacks, rode the Southern Railroad's Chattanooga to Memphis freight on March 25, 1931. 110 0 obj <> endobj Continued, The Trials of "The Scottsboro Boys": An Account, Without Fear or Favor: Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys, Diagram of the Chattanooga to Memphis Freight Train, Biographies of Key Figures in "The Scottsboro Boys" Trials, Excerpts from the trial of Alabama v. Patterson, March - April, 1933, The Later Scottsboro Boys Trials (1933 - 1937), The First Scottsboro Trials (April, 1931), Report on the First Scottsboro Trial (Hollace Ransdall for the ACLU, 4/31), The Trials Of "the Scottsboro Boys": A Bibliography. The cases came at a turning point in American justice. $X���X�c;�0�Fg��XH"H��X����La`$���X� � " The Scottsboro boys were nine black boys that gang raped two white girls. endstream endobj startxref July 12: Victoria Price sues NBC for defamation and invasion of privacy after its broadcast of Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys airs. The Scottsboro Boys is haunting and courageous, grappling with tough themes that still affect our society. The other five Scottsboro boys still in prison struggled with life in the awful prisons. h�b```"�!b`B�E,� %PDF-1.6 %���� he Scottsboro Boys case began on March 25, 1931, when nine young black men and boys hopped aboard a Southern Railway train in search of work in Memphis, No crime in American history-- let alone a crime that never occurred-- produced as many trials, convictions, reversals, and retrials as did an alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on a Southern Railroad freight run on March 25, 1931. Weems was age nineteen and the oldest of the Scottsboro boys he was from Atlanta. Patterson was eighteen at the time he was born in Georgia but later moved to Chattanooga. Among them were four black Chattanooga teenagers hoping to investigate a rumor of government jobs in Memphis hauling logs on the river and five other black teens from various parts of Georgia. Their trial took place in Scottsboro, Alabama, where they were found guilty and sentenced to death, with the exception of the youngest defendant, who was just 12 years old. Dec 20, 2013 - Explore Chris McGill's board "Scottsboro Boys" on Pinterest. The trial court did not provide them with counsel, either. For some, riding freights was an appealing adventure compared to the drudgery and dreariness of their daily lives. The Scottsboro Boys were nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 20, falsely accused in Alabama of raping two white women on a train in 1931. Over the course of the next two decades, the struggle for justice of the "Scottsboro Boys," as the black teens were called, made celebrities out of anonymities, launched and ended careers, wasted lives and produced heroes, opened southern juries to blacks, exacerbated sectional strife, and divided America's political. After the Scottsboro Boys case, black citizens understood their rights to a fair, prepared counsel and a racially mixed jury. It also challenges them to remember racist atrocities of the past. The Scottsboro Boys is a musical with a book by David Thompson, music by John Kander and lyrics by Fred Ebb.Based on the Scottsboro Boys trial, the musical is one of the last collaborations between Kander and Ebb prior to the latter's death. h�bbd``b`�@�i�`� � Clarence Norris "My name is Clarence Norris, one of the Scottsboro Boys. The fight started when a group of white men tried to push one of the black men off, claiming that the train was for whites only.… %%EOF The Scottsboro Boys were a group of nine African American teenagers accused of raping two white women on a train in 1931. Scottsboro case, major U.S. civil rights controversy of the 1930s surrounding the prosecution in Scottsboro, Alabama, of nine black youths charged with the rape of two white women. In the Norris case, Leibowitz argued that the trials were inherently biased due … The nine, after nearly being lynched, were brought to trial in Scottsboro in April 1931, just three weeks after their See more ideas about Scottsboro boys, Scottsboro, African american history. The Scottsboro Boys opened in London Off-West End in October of 2013, and it wasn’t but exactly one year later it was playing in West End, proper. The Scottsboro Boys (from left to right) were Clarence Norris, Olen Montgomery, Andy Wright, Willie Roberson, Ozie Powell, Eugene Williams, … Director Jon Martinez’s production of “The Scottsboro Boys,” that ended its three-week run at the Beck Center for the Arts last Sunday, Feb. 23, challenges the (mostly white) audience to think about what theater should be and what they are allowed to enjoy. How do you think this affected the outcome of their trial? "The Scottsboro boys are we nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train near Scottsboro Alabama in 1931." 124 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<866D4CD53773BF408A75B2022CD034DA><99F13BFEFBE3B241BF9871B268E9E9E7>]/Index[110 26]/Info 109 0 R/Length 79/Prev 728900/Root 111 0 R/Size 136/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Alabama officials eventually agreed to let four of the convicted Scottsboro Boys—Weems, Andy Wright, Norris and Powell—out on parole.After escaping from prison in 1948, Patterson was picked up in Detroit by the FBI, but the Michigan governor refused Alabama’s efforts to extradite him. Leroy (Roy) was the youngest of the Scottsboro Boys. The youths became known as the Scottsboro Boys, and the case became a window into the South’s unre­mittingly brutal system of justice. The perseverance of the Scottsboro Boys and the attorneys and community leaders who supported their case helped to inspire several prominent activists and organizers. I was arrested in Alabama in 1931 and sentenced to the electric chair three times. He is the last surviving of the Scottsboro Boys. Over the course of the two decades that followed, the struggle for justice of the \"Scottsboro Boys,\" as the black teens were called, made celebrities out of anonymities, launched and ende… In 1931, nine African American boys were accused of gang-raping two white girls on a train bound to Chattanooga from Memphis (train diagram).The case was tried solely on the basis of the testimony of the two white girls. Others hopped rail cars to move from one fruitless job search to the next. The Scottsboro Boys were a group of 9 black men accused of raping two white women in 1931. The Scottsboro Boys’ cases, as they became known, focused an international spotlight on Jim Crow in America in the 1930s and stirred demands for racial justice in the U.S. South. In London, the reviews came out even better than in the states and the musical ended up being nominated for a number of awards and winning Best Musical at the 2014 London Evening Standard Awards. The Scottsboro case is a particularly important in understanding the systematic structure of racism in our country. Whether presented in an intimate setting or in a larger theater, this show will touch every audience member. In the long struggle for civil rights and racial equality in America, few episodes had the impact of the infamous Scottsboro Boys case. The following links explore the case in-depth and include images from the notorious trial. 2���^``���=+h���-���4=��v}H��a�K��\|B7'fd�}kg�����(�I �X\���=�q�g���,�Q��Z0�w0��Ut40 He had four years of school before he dropped out to work in a grocery store. 2. With Arthur Hill, Ellen Barber, Paul Benjamin, Larry Butts. Atmore Prison was a terrible place with venomous snakes, sadistic guards, and rapacious prisoners. The boys, who were extremely poor, could not afford proper counsel to prove their innocence. The Scottsboro Multicultural Foundation established the Scottsboro Boys Museum and Cultural Center in 2010. In prison, Roy liked to read and kept his Bible with him at all times. the Scottsboro Boys, as they would become known, were the catalyst for the civil rights movement in the United States. Hoboing was a common pastime in the Depression year of 1931. Eighty-six years ago today, nine black Alabama youths were arrested after being falsely accused of rape. A jury found them guilty even though the woman who accused them of rape admitted during the trial that it did not happen. January 23: Clarence Norris dies. The Scottsboro case also pitted the NAACP against the Communist Party in a struggle for who would control the boys’ legal defense—and claim this rare spotlight on race in America. In 1930s Alabama, nine young black men are accused of raping two white women. Her claim, however, is dismissed. A nearby prison hosted the electric chair, and one of Patterson's jobs was to carry … This happened in Alabama in the 1930s. When he hopped the train with his brother Andy, it was his first time away from home. his is their story. No crime in American history-- let alone a crime that never occurred-- produced as many trials, convictions, reversals, and retrials as did an alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on the Southern Railroad freight run from Chattanooga to Memphis on March 25, 1931. The judge in the case, unlike the rest of the town, comes to believe that the boys are innocent, and against all advice from his friends and family, sets them free, which turns the entire community against him. … The trial began 12 days after the arrest in Scottsboro, Alabama. In 1931, Rosa McCauley met and fell in love with a politically-active barber, Raymond Parks — the “first real activist I ever met.” When they began seeing each other, Raymond was working to free the Scottsboro boys, nine young men picked up for riding the rails, wrongly accused of rape, and sentenced to death in 1931 Alabama. 135 0 obj <>stream The Scottsboro Boys were 9 young African-American men who were accused of a rape that they did not do and who were punished for it. The case of the Scottsboro Boys, which lasted more than 80 years, helped to spur the Civil Rights Movement. Moreover, the Scottsboro boys were also convicted and sentenced by all-white, racist, male jurors who disregarded logical reasoning and convicted the boys due to their race. ��Wttt0���wt40����xfi@9V�����au�Qz. Directed by Fielder Cook. The trials led to two influential Supreme Court decisions, affirming rights that we regard as fundamental today. 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